安德鲁斯夫妇

作品名称:Mr and Mrs Andrews (1750)
中文名称:安德鲁斯夫妇
艺术家:托马斯·庚斯博罗 Thomas Gainsborough (英国, 1727-1788)

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图片尺寸:7301 × 4231 像素
图片大小:6.06 MB
图片格式:JPG
图片分辨率:300 dpi
水印情况:无水印
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作品介绍

机器翻译:

《安德鲁斯先生和夫人》是托马斯-庚斯博罗在1750年左右创作的一幅布面油画肖像,现藏于伦敦国家美术馆。今天,这幅画是他最著名的作品之一,但直到1960年,这幅画一直保存在坐着的人的家里,在1927年出现在伊普斯维奇的展览上之前,人们对它知之甚少,此后,它经常被要求参加英国和国外的其他展览,并因其魅力和新鲜感而受到评论家的赞扬。到了战后,它的标志性地位已经确立,1953年在巴黎举行的庆祝英国女王伊丽莎白二世加冕的展览中,它被选为代表英国艺术的四幅画之一。很快,这幅画开始受到敌视,被认为是18世纪英国父权主义和资本主义社会的典范,但它仍然深受人们的喜爱。

这幅作品不寻常地结合了当时两种常见的绘画类型:双重肖像,这里是一对新婚夫妇罗伯特和弗朗西斯-安德鲁斯,以及英国乡村的风景画。庚斯博罗的作品主要包括这两种不同的体裁,但它们在这种扩展的水平格式中并排的惊人组合在庚斯博罗的作品中是独一无二的,对其他画家来说也极为罕见。对话作品是包含其他元素和活动的集体肖像的术语,但这些通常表现的是更多的人物,看到的是从事某种活动或在室内的人物,而不是没有人的风景。

甘斯伯勒后来有一个著名的抱怨,说高薪的肖像画工作使他远离了他真正热爱的风景画,他的兴趣可能与他的客户结合在一起,这对夫妇来自两个家庭,他们的主要收入可能不是来自土地所有权,在构成安德鲁斯夫人嫁妆的一部分的乡村庄园的肖像画中,展示得比平常更突出。

原文:

Mr and Mrs Andrews is an oil on canvas portrait of about 1750 by Thomas Gainsborough, now in the National Gallery, London. Today it is one of his most famous works, but it remained in the family of the sitters until 1960 and was very little known before it appeared in an exhibition in Ipswich in 1927, after which it was regularly requested for other exhibitions in Britain and abroad, and praised by critics for its charm and freshness. By the post-war years its iconic status was established, and it was one of four paintings chosen to represent British art in an exhibition in Paris celebrating the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Soon the painting began to receive hostile scrutiny as a paradigm of the paternalist and capitalist society of 18th-century England, but it remains a firm popular favourite.

The work is an unusual combination of two common types of painting of the period: a double portrait, here of a recently married couple, Robert and Frances Andrews, as well as a landscape view of the English countryside. Gainsborough's work mainly consisted of these two different genres, but their striking combination side by side in this extended horizontal format is unique in Gainsborough's oeuvre, and extremely rare for other painters. Conversation piece was the term for a group portrait that contained other elements and activities, but these normally showed more figures, seen engaged in some activity or in an interior, rather than a landscape empty of people.

Gainsborough was later famously given to complaining that well-paid portrait work kept him away from his true love of landscape painting, and his interest probably combined with that of his clients, a couple from two families whose main income was probably not from landowning, to make a more prominent display than was normal in a portrait of the country estate that had formed part of Mrs Andrews's dowry.

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部分中文由机器翻译,可能并不准确。

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