神圣的家庭(盖蒂博物馆)

神圣的家庭(盖蒂博物馆)- 尼古拉斯·普桑

作品名称:The Holy Family (1641)
中文名称:神圣的家庭
艺术家:尼古拉斯·普桑 (法国, 1594-1665)

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图片尺寸:16077 x 12109px
图片大小:29.2 MB
图片格式:JPG
图片分辨率:96 dpi
水印情况:无水印
版权信息:NO COPYRIGHT – UNITED STATES
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作品介绍

尼古拉-普桑在自己的时代因其宗教和历史画作而备受推崇,他的画作采用了基于古董和文艺复兴时期高级艺术的古典风格。这幅在普桑晚年创作的作品,其细致有序的构图显示了艺术家的理性倾向。

普桑将神圣家族置于一个有十六世纪意大利式建筑的理想化景观中。圣母玛利亚坐在中央,但动作集中在耶稣基督和施洗者约翰的共同拥抱上。在左边,圣伊丽莎白稳定地注视着玛丽,也许预见到了她未来的痛苦。圣约瑟夫靠在墙上,对下面的场景露出赞许的微笑。

Putti,或称男婴,通过带来礼物向基督致敬。一个莆田人双手交叉在胸前表示崇拜,另一个莆田人跪在地上,把一篮子的花洒在基督面前。其他人拿着一个水壶、一条毛巾和一盆水,这可能是指给孩子洗澡或约翰后来给基督施洗。

在中间的距离,一个男人带着一个女人渡过湖面,可能是暗指神圣家族逃往埃及,这个主题在16世纪被普桑和其他人所推广。

原文:
Nicolas Poussin was highly revered in his own time for his religious and historical paintings, painted in a classical style based on antique and High Renaissance art. Made late in Poussin’s life, this meticulously ordered composition reveals the artist’s rational inclination.

Poussin placed the Holy Family in an idealized landscape with sixteenth-century Italianate buildings. The Virgin Mary sits in the center, but the action focuses on the embrace shared by Jesus Christ and John the Baptist. To the left, Saint Elizabeth gazes steadily at Mary, perhaps foreseeing her future suffering. Saint Joseph leans against a wall and smiles approvingly at the scene below.

Putti, or infant boys, pay homage to Christ by bringing gifts. One putto crosses his arms across his chest in adoration, and another putto kneels, spilling a basket of flowers on the ground before Christ. Others carry a ewer, a towel, and a basin of water, which may refer to the bathing of the child or to John’s later baptism of Christ.

In the middle distance a man ferries a woman across a lake, possibly alluding to the Holy Family’s flight into Egypt, a theme popularized by Poussin and others in the 1600s.

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部分中文由机器翻译,可能并不准确。

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